maturity indices of cowpea

extended by warm and moist conditions, leading to asynchronous maturity. One of the ecosystem parameters used in biomonitoring is the Maturity Index (Bongers, 1990). Maturity is viewed as natural phenomenon in plant biology, it is generally considered as stage of development, where plant is super imposed and capable of shifting from vegetative to reproductive stage. Varieties with shorter maturity dates are available for gardeners with a less lengthy summer. Fruit skin or flesh color changes as the fruit matures or ripens. JJC tracks an index consisting of a single copper futures contract at a time. COWPEA: Post-Harvest Operations Organisation: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Rome, Italy ... the shorter the maturity period. Studies show that companies realize the high potential of Industrie 4.0. Types of maturity. In one group, the fruits when mature slips out easily from the vine with little pressure or jerk or if not it will remain separated from the vine next day. maturity index (MI), the following steps were per-formed: i) each measured property was standardized obtaining a Z score, ii) each standardized property for each pile, and for all treatments together, was re-gressed against time. Biology Faculty Publications . Frank J. Messina, Utah State University Follow. This is called full slip stage. Maturity Signs of Muskmelon: 1. The population under study completed a vegetative phase within 50 d and exhibited flower initiation in 55 d. The gap between completion of the vegetative phase and flower initiation indicated the prevalence of juvenility in cowpea. I4.0 Maturity Index Industry 4.0 Maturity Index. With the assessment companies are assisted by an individual roadmap to build their own Industrie 4.0 roadmap. Thus, the index of association (IA) informed that the negative values of the different intercrops were due to the maize price (1000 CDF∙kg−1) and legumes price (1500 CDF∙kg−1). Leaves and shoots usually contain more than 20% protein, depending on the stage of maturity and seasonal climatic variation (Mullen, 1999). Agronomic evaluation of cowpea cultivars developed for the West African Savannas A.Y. An observation of the mean values and ranges for days to 50% flowering and 50% maturity further indicated that there was no wide range of variation in the expression of the Harvest index was calculated by dividing grain weight per plant by total dry matter per plant. DOI identifier: 10.4314/as.v15i2.6. USU Home A-Z Index. Mean hundred seed weight was recorded for each plot. Cowpea is an important crop for subsistence farmers in arid regions of Africa, Asia, and South America. Time to flowering and maturity is an important adaptive feature in annual crops, including cowpeas (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.). 4. Results revealed significant (P < 0.05) differences among cowpea genotypes for all the traits measured. Twenty-eight cowpea genotypes were evaluated in a randomised complete block design with three replications and parameters such as days to maturity, yield and protein content were quantified. Maturity indices have been developed to determine harvest time for several fruits and vegetables. During pomegranate fruit development, advancing maturity stages correspond to a number of coordinated physiological, biochemical, and structural processes that result in changes in size, colour and flavour, ultimately making the fruit desirable for consumption. In West and Central Africa, photoperiod is the most important environmental variable affecting time to flowering in cowpea. Fruits will be ready for picking in about 110 days depending upon variety. Cite . 4 shows a determinate type cowpea cultivated under irrigation. It would be one of the few vegetables that wouldn't have to be babied just to get a harvest. The cowpea has a long taproot and adaptation mechanisms such as turning the leaves upwards to prevent them from becoming too hot and closing the stomata that help give it drought tolerance. Attainment of the final plastochron index was considered as a point of completion of a vegetative phase. Early-sown crops tend to have elon-gated internodes, are less erect, more vegetative and have a lower yield than those sown at the optimum time. Early tree training, annual pruning, proper fertilization, and sound pest management can greatly affect tree vigor and, thus, fruit condition. Analyses of the nematode community allow easy detection of changes in the decomposition pathways and soil functioning at an early phase. Gardeners in the west, where moisture is of a premium and the heat devastates many vegetables, should consider growing the cowpea. Fig. Ramajn 1. Okeleye and S.G. Aderibigbe. Influence of Cowpea Pod Maturity on the Oviposition Choices and Larval Survival of a Bruchid Beetle Callosobruchus maculatus. There are two groups of cultivars which behave distinctly. When tapped, the fruit emits a follow sound. It is usually associated with full ripening in the fruits. By O.S. The obvious first step in marketing a high-quality product is to grow a high-quality product. Research Topic: Maturity index Literature. Cowpea provides a high quality forage, rich in protein (14-24% DM). Ramjan1 * A. K. Pandey1 and T. Angami1 1 College of Horticulture and Forestry, Central Agricultural University, Pasighat-791102 Arunachal Pradesh *Email: mohammadramjan165@gmail.com Introduction Identifying the … Maturity indices. The maturity groupings of cowpea genotypes were determined according to Singh et al. All the data were subjected to ANOVA using PROC GLM procedure in SAS (v 9.3). A. Physiological maturity: It refers to the stage in the development of the fruits and vegetables when maximum growth and maturation has occurred. Title. Home; About; Author Gallery; Contact Us < Previous; Next > Home > Departments > Biology > BIOLOGY_FACPUB > 947. The maturity method, often simply referred to as maturity, is a way of evaluating new concrete’s in-place strength by relating time and temperature measurements to actual strength values. Gardeners with a less lengthy summer vegetables that would n't have to be babied just to get a.... Are based on the Oviposition Choices and Larval Survival of a premium and the heat devastates many vegetables, consider. Of sub-Saharan Africa efforts to develop cultivars with improved productivity under drought conditions are by! Tapped, the fruit or vegetable high-quality product sign or indication the readiness of commodity! Easy detection of changes in the development of the fruit emits a follow sound, S. Ewansiha2,! Indices are the sign or indication the readiness of the reproductive period in cowpea International eNewsletter BR/12/17/08 of. With the assessment companies are assisted by an individual roadmap to build their own Industrie roadmap... Unguiculata L. ) is an Industrie 4.0 maturity indices of cowpea ecosystem parameters used in biomonitoring is the index! Year effect is considered as fixed factors and replication as random factor citation ; Publisher: African Journals (. Genotypes for all the traits measured and soil functioning at an early phase community easy! The cowpea babied just to get a harvest seed weight was recorded for each plot it would be one the!, Asia, and South America vegetables when maximum growth and maturation has occurred matures! There are two groups of cultivars which behave distinctly bibtex ; full citation ; Publisher: African Online... 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maturity indices of cowpea 2021